Prevention of drug addiction and alcoholism
Despite all the perniciousness of addiction to alcohol and drugs, people have abused them since ancient times, and the modern scale of drug addiction and alcoholism makes the public look for new methods of fighting for the health of mankind. As for drug addiction, it is most widespread among young people – it is a crushing blow to the present and future of society.
Those who earn fabulous money on this do not stop there, offering those who wish to experience new sensations, drugs that can cause irreparable damage to health and cause addiction after the first intake. In the light of the above, prevention of drug and alcohol addiction is of great importance.
Addiction and alcoholism: some statistics
Some world statistics. About a quarter of a billion people have used mind-altering substances at least once in their lives, and 12% of them are addicted – they are unable to overcome the craving for drugs on their own. About 190,000 people die annually from drug overdose in the world, and most drug addicts are registered in the United States, and they start using drugs from the age of 12.
How are things in Ukraine? According to official statistics, in our country, about 10% of young people, whose age ranges from 15 to 34 years old, use drugs. The increase in the number of drug addicts is associated primarily with the availability of psychoactive substances. Almost 70% of the respondents confirmed that they have the opportunity (at a disco, on an advertisement on the Internet, on a call) to buy marijuana, 25% – opioid drugs, 38% – ecstasy. The first acquaintance with prohibited substances among a third of drug addicts occurs between the ages of 12 and 16.
The situation with alcoholism is no better. There are about 700,000 officially registered alcoholics in Ukraine today. There is one woman for every six men who drink. About a tenth of this number of people had serious mental disorders due to the use of alcoholic beverages. According to studies, only 4% of young people aged 15 to 34 do not drink alcohol, and about 20% of men do it 2-3 times a week. Today the favorite drinks include not only beer, vodka, but also low-alcohol products popular among young people, which are preferred by about 40% of respondents. According to statistics bodies, mortality from alcohol poisoning in Ukraine is 16 times higher than in European countries.
Drug addiction, alcoholism and tobacco smoking have become widespread among Ukrainian youth, the age of most addicts does not exceed 30 years. The problem is aggravated by the high level of unemployment, inaccessibility of higher education for 30% of young people and other socio-economic problems.
Drug prevention activities
Prevention of alcoholism and drug addiction is a system of measures aimed at limiting the spread of narcotic substances, as well as anti-drug and anti-alcohol propaganda, which is carried out in the media, in society.
Prevention should be differentiated and targeted at specific target groups, each of which is susceptible to one measure and absolutely not susceptible to others. There are hundreds of factors that can cause addiction, which operate on an individual or social level. The main goal of preventive measures is to counter these factors.
General prevention should affect all categories of young people, and its main tasks should be to counter the common causes of drug and alcohol use. These can be political, economic changes in society, which can influence the behavior of its members. The main measures of general prevention are:
- promoting a healthy lifestyle;
- informing about the impact of drugs and alcohol on physical and mental health, the risks associated with their use;
- encouraging young people to seek professional help from psychologists, narcologists;
- building a positive value system;
- building skills that will allow adolescents to adapt to difficult life situations;
- education of leaders among youth.
In addition, selective prevention of drug addiction among adolescents is carried out, which is aimed at working with children with behavioral disorders. The main idea of this type of prevention is that the introduction to drugs and alcohol occurs against the background of any psychological or other problems that a teenager cannot overcome on his own. The purpose of the events is to identify such problems in adolescents as early as possible and provide appropriate psychological assistance.
Prevention can be directed not only at those who have not yet become addicted to alcohol and drugs, but also at those who have experience of using them. There are a number of signs and behavioral changes that indicate an addiction to psychoactive substances, for example, indifference to what is happening around, a change in the usual social circle, depression, etc. It is very important to establish a trusting relationship with this group of people, since they are often outside areas of attention of the official health care system.
Rehabilitation is a special area of prevention. This is a series of activities aimed at restoring psychological and physical health, adapting addicts to a new life for them – without drugs. An important stage in rehabilitation is prevention, which allows you to prevent relapses, to keep human behavior within the framework of the formed principles of a healthy lifestyle.
Rehabilitation in the center “AntiNarkotik”
Both drug addicts themselves and their loved ones turn to the AntiNarkotik rehabilitation center for help. It is the vigilance of the latter that most often helps prevent the formation of addiction, save the lives of people suffering from drug and alcohol addiction. Accepting help is a very important step for addicts, but this is the only chance to return to normal life, to form a new value system.
Seek help when you encounter the following typical symptoms of addiction:
- aggressive behavior, irritability;
- poor sleep (violation of the biological clock: wakefulness at night, sleep during the day, poor sleep);
- intense thirst, hyperappetitis;
- fits of laughter;
- hallucinations, etc.
You are unlikely to be able to persuade the addict to treatment with threats and violence – this is fraught with even greater mistrust on the part of the patient. Only the desire of the addict or alcoholic himself is decisive for the success of any rehabilitation program. If necessary, the necessary motivational measures should be taken that will allow the addict to make an independent decision.
The basis of the course is the unique 12 Steps program, which over the decades of its existence has helped hundreds of thousands of people get rid of addiction. Addicts have to go through several stages: detoxification, rehabilitation and resocialization. At the first stage, doctors help cleanse the patient’s body of toxins, which helps to normalize the functioning of internal organs and systems, reduce the severity of withdrawal symptoms, but the last two stages are the most important.
Rehabilitation at the center helps to completely change the human value system, find new landmarks, learn to enjoy life and overcome difficulties without changing consciousness. It is equally important to help addicts to adapt after completing the course – this is the task of resocialization. Even after rehabilitation, the patients of the center remain in the field of vision of specialists who help to cope with life’s problems. Various activities involving former addicts are good prevention of drug and alcohol abuse.
Prevention as the main method of combating drug and alcohol addiction
The activities of the Anti-Drug Center are not limited to rehabilitation. The clinic’s specialists consider their task not only to help addicts, but also to prevent them. This is a number of different projects that help make our society healthy and successful:
- information programs aimed at the prevention of drug addiction, alcoholism, tobacco smoking in schools, universities;
- work with codependents (special courses for relatives, which allow creating the necessary conditions for the prevention of relapse);
- workshops for codependents;
- psychological assistance and advice on any type of addiction over the phone;
- training camps for convalescents and their families, where they have the opportunity to communicate and share experiences with each other, with famous people;
- sports competitions between dependent teams;
- outreach activities in the media – prevention of drug addiction, tobacco smoking, alcoholism.
The goal of the rehabilitation center is not just to give up the use of psychoactive substances (PAS) and alcohol, cigarettes, but also to create conditions that allow a person in the future not to become hostage to these addictions again.
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