Author: Александр Шуляк

Александр Шуляк

Координатор группы созависимых, психотерапевт
Александр Шуляк

Can alcoholism be cured? There is always a chance

Alcoholism is the uncontrolled use of alcoholic beverages, which is associated with a large number of problems. A huge number of myths and rumors have arisen around this disease, so everyone has their own attitude towards it. What is the nature of alcoholism? How do you become alcoholics? Is there a predisposition to this disease? Can alcoholism be cured? About this and much more in our article, prepared with the participation of the staff of the Anti-Drug Rehabilitation Center, you can contact the specialists of which (psychologists, narcologists) around the clock by phone listed on the website.

Contents

  1. What is alcoholism?
  2. Reasons for the formation of alcoholism
  3. Alcohol: myths and misconceptions
  4. How can alcoholism be cured?

What is alcoholism

Alcoholism is not just an addiction, but a serious illness. The nature of the formation of alcoholism is somatic and psychological. In the first case, this leads to the development of persistent physiological dependence. Do not forget about other problems that alcohol brings to the social and economic sphere – a drinker condemns not only himself but also his loved ones to suffering, inflicts material damage not only on his family, but also on the state.

Ethyl alcohol (ethanol) is a fairly strong poison. Drinking alcohol is, in fact, poisoning of the body, the degree of which is reduced by the fast work of the liver. It breaks down alcohol into substances that are relatively safe for the body, however, and among them you can find a lot of strong toxins. Even with a single use of beverages containing ethyl alcohol, the following are under attack:

  • nervous system;
  • heart;
  • vascular system;
  • liver;
  • kidneys;
  • stomach;
  • reproductive system.

With prolonged use of alcoholic beverages, a person may develop the following diseases:

  • gastritis, stomach ulcer;
  • liver cirrhosis;
  • stroke;
  • myocardial infarction;
  • encephalopathy, etc.

Addiction is formed in several stages. At first, a person already has psychological dependence, but there is no physiological one, there is no withdrawal syndrome (hangover). They appear in the second stage. The third stage is characterized by intoxication even from small doses of alcohol, mental and mental degradation of a person.

The higher the stage, the more difficult it is to quit drinking. At the first stage, a person can do this with an effort of will, but in the next two, special medications will be needed for this, which will help to endure physical and psychological suffering easier when giving up alcohol. The problem lies in the fact that at first a person still does not feel any significant changes in the body, therefore he is not ready to give up alcohol-containing drinks.

Besides, experts distinguish male, female, beer alcoholism. However, whether the addict is a man or a woman, drinks strong alcoholic drinks or beer, the results are almost identical in all cases – health damage, personality degradation, social problems.

Reasons for the formation of alcoholism

The formation of alcohol addiction occurs gradually. At first, a person gets a certain pleasure from drinking alcohol, due to which his nervous system creates a stable association: alcohol is pleasure, celebration, relaxation. This leads to the formation of psychological dependence, and if a person is not able to give up alcohol at this stage, the disease continues to develop.

In the human body, ethyl alcohol decomposes very quickly, resulting in the release of a huge amount of energy. Normally, this happens with the help of proteins, carbohydrates, fats, so ethanol very quickly becomes a participant in the body’s metabolism, and since it is a psychoactive substance, mental dependence forms very quickly.

With the frequent use of alcohol, the body has to rebuild its metabolism and alcohol gets a leading role in it. In the absence of ethanol in the body, the metabolism is very slow, but it returns to its original state, but this process is very painful, accompanied by physical and mental suffering. Their severity depends on the stage of the disease, the amount of alcohol consumed, etc. Not everyone is able to withstand the “withdrawal”, therefore many refuse to suffer and give the body another dose.

Alcohol: myths and misconceptions

Alcohol has a number of properties, which can also be one of the reasons for the formation of addiction, and many of them were endowed with alcoholic beverages without justification.

One of the interesting properties of alcohol is the ability to “warm”. This effect has made spirits popular in countries with cold climates. True, the sensation of warmth is temporary and to a greater extent illusory (which is rather unsafe when drinking alcohol in the cold), but thanks to this, alcoholic beverages are called “intoxicating”.

Another property of ethyl alcohol, thanks to which there are more fans of alcohol, is its antiseptic properties. As an external treatment, it really deserves attention, but this is just one of the manifestations of its toxicity. The harm that a person causes to the body by drinking alcohol is incomparably greater than its benefits as an antiseptic.

It is believed that the number of people drinking alcohol has increased in the last century, and this is attributed to the emergence of new technologies that allow you to get really high-quality alcoholic beverages.

How can alcoholism be cured?

First of all, remember that alcoholism is a chronic disease, therefore the process and time of treatment depend on such factors as the length of alcohol consumption, the state of health of a person, etc.

The primary task of the addict, and therefore the doctor, is the patient’s recognition of the fact of illness. Ethanol disrupts the normal course of all processes in the body, and primarily biochemical reactions in the cerebral cortex. This is a severe metabolic disorder, transmission of nerve impulses. The result is a mental disorder that we simply call addiction. Of course, along with this, all vital organs are affected, which only aggravates the situation.

As we already wrote above, alcoholism is a chronic disease, which means that approaches to its treatment should be the same as in the treatment of other chronic diseases. The methods of treatment used in the Antinarcotic rehabilitation center make it possible to achieve stable remission. The basis of the course is the “12 steps” program, which over the years of its existence has allowed tens of thousands of people to get rid of various types of addiction. Its main tasks are the formation of new values ​​in a person, awareness of mistakes that have been made, instilling the skills of adaptation to new conditions. The greatest efficiency is achieved by combining drug treatment and psychotherapy, further supervision by a psychologist, which helps to reduce the risk of relapse.

To gain a complete victory over alcohol is possible only if a person completely refuses it. Alcohol should disappear from the life of an addict, like the one whom we cross out forever for betrayal. Alcohol is insidious, and it is almost impossible to find the border that separates the safe zone from the toxic one. In the practice of specialists, there are thousands of cases when people who have been in remission for five, ten and even twenty years, began to use alcohol again after “accidental” fifty grams. Therefore, even in such people, the disease is in a chronic stage, but with abstinence it is perfectly controlled and a person lives a full life, brings up children, and achieves success in any field.

It is impossible to achieve a lasting result by instilling fear of drinking alcohol, pressure from loved ones, reproaches, accusations of all failures. Such methods not only give no result, but can also cause a completely opposite reaction of the addict.

Over time, due to constant conflicts against the background of alcohol consumption, distrust of loved ones, the selfishness of an alcoholic, there is only an increase in apathy and indifference to oneself. That is why the treatment program should be comprehensive and include drug therapy, which will normalize metabolic processes in the body, reduce craving for alcohol, as well as psychotherapeutic work, not only with the addict, but also with people close to him.

Now a little about hard drinking. They occur in a person who suffers from the second stage of alcoholism. Long-term drinking is not always a binge. In sick people, it begins with a couple of glasses, which transfer the body to a metabolism with the participation of ethanol. A person can no longer give up alcohol, as it causes physical suffering.

Self-recovery from hard drinking is a rare phenomenon. This is a heavy load on all vital organs and a high risk of developing complications such as stroke, heart attack, delirium tremens, etc. Not everyone can cope with this.

How to help an alcoholic? In the rehabilitation center, to reduce the severity of withdrawal symptoms, normalize the work of internal organs and systems, they resort to detoxification (specialists help cleanse the body of ethanol metabolism products), drug therapy, which allows the patient to normalize the patient’s condition without drinking alcohol in 2-3 days.

This is just the beginning, and in the future the addict has a long way to go, which will help him return to normal life. Remember that you cannot treat a person without their consent. This is not only prohibited by law (compulsory treatment is carried out only if a person poses a danger to society), but also does not bring any results. It is possible to get rid of alcohol addiction only if the person suffering from alcoholism is motivated.