Author: Александр Шуляк

Александр Шуляк

Координатор группы созависимых, психотерапевт
Александр Шуляк

What is addict withdrawal and how does it proceed?

Drug addiction is a serious illness, the course of which is accompanied by disturbances in the work of internal organs, the development of neurological and mental disorders, and human degradation. Drug addicts are in mental and physical dependence on drugs, and the growing tolerance of the body leads to the need to constantly increase their dosage.

Drug addiction can develop over several injections, and the negative effect of drugs on the nervous system does not allow a person to realize for a long time that he is addicted.

Narcotic withdrawal (withdrawal syndrome) occurs as a result of short-term abstinence from taking psychoactive substances. It manifests itself after a certain time after the last drug use, and its severity depends on the length of service, the type of substances taken and the individual characteristics of the person.

What is addict withdrawal

Withdrawal symptoms in drug addicts vary depending on the type of drug used. Let’s take a look at them separately.

Opiates

The first withdrawal symptoms may develop within 8-10 hours after taking drugs. Signs of withdrawal symptoms are:

  • nervousness and irritability;
  • lack of self-control;
  • emotional instability;
  • severe chills;
  • increased salivation, lacrimation, sweating.

After a certain time after the first signs appear, the pupils of the addict stop responding to changes in the level of illumination. The strongest vomiting appears. Appetite is completely absent, and when you try to eat something, swelling occurs. In the absence of another dose, symptoms will intensify, reaching a maximum after three days.

Further, the addict’s blood pressure rises, tachycardia, diarrhea begins. One of the most unpleasant and painful symptoms of withdrawal is pain in joints and bones. The muscles are cramping. In this state, the addict does not have the opportunity to rest or relax. In some cases, men may experience spontaneous ejaculation.

In addition to physical pain, drug addicts experience severe psychological suffering. The fact is that the pain syndrome during withdrawal is imaginary. Taking drugs, a person expects a feeling of euphoria, but over time, instead, withdrawal symptoms come and the patient realizes that they will no longer bring him pleasure. From now on, the use of drugs for a person is a necessity, because only in this way he can get rid of excruciating pain.

Narcotic substances tend to block the feeling of pain, so over time, the human nervous system gets used to such working conditions. As a result, the production of special substances – endorphins – stops, which are responsible not only for a person’s ability to enjoy, experience joy, but also are a natural pain reliever. The human body begins to desperately need the drug and refuses to function normally without it. This is what is called withdrawal symptoms or drug withdrawal.

How long does it take for an opiate addict to withdraw? Symptoms become less pronounced by about 10 days, and they can be completely eliminated after 1-6 months.

Amphetamines

Amphetamine withdrawal develops almost immediately after the drug stops acting. It is expressed in a decrease in mood, depression. The person has a desire to take the next dose. Abrupt withdrawal from amphetamine is accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • weakness, fatigue;
  • sleepy during the day, unable to fall asleep at night;
  • hypotension;
  • depressive states;
  • suicidal mood;
  • aggressiveness, irritability, hysteria.

Salts, spices

Unlike opiates, salt withdrawal is not accompanied by physical pain. The main consequences of the use of this strongest substance from the group of amphetamine drugs are mental disorders, which are expressed in paranoia, severe hallucinations, impaired coordination of movements and speech (fast speech, mooing, stuttering, etc.).

Spice is a special smoking mixture that contains a synthetic cannabinoid, which leads to irreversible consequences. Withdrawal symptoms include sleep disturbances, irritability, aggressiveness, severe headaches, and nausea.

How to remove the withdrawal

Removing withdrawal symptoms is the first step towards healing an addict, since it is the physical pain that prompts the person to take the next dose. Once having experienced withdrawal symptoms, the addict can no longer give up drugs.

The withdrawal process of withdrawal means a complete rejection of drugs. The task of doctors is to help cope with pain syndrome, to reduce mental stress. First, experts carry out detoxification, during which drugs and their decay products are removed from the body. A large number of funds are used to relieve withdrawal symptoms, and the composition of the course and the dosage of drugs are selected individually in each case.

Attempts to relieve withdrawal symptoms at home do not give the desired results. Taking alcohol, sleeping pills and pain relievers can only aggravate the situation, and in some cases it can be deadly. It is strictly forbidden to use psychostimulants during withdrawal.

To take the first and most important step on the path to recovery, we recommend contacting the specialists of the Transformation rehabilitation center. Removal of “withdrawal” under the supervision of specialists is the only sure way that will help you move further on the path to healing. You can get the necessary advice, psychological assistance or leave an application for the course on the clinic’s website or by contacting the phone numbers.